My finished annotated bibliography:
Coontz, Stephanie. Social Problems Correlate More Closely With Poverty Than Family Background. Insight on the News. News World Communications, Inc: 1997.
This article really was helpful in my paper because it showed some of the ways single parent families are not perceived as being such a bad thing. I used it to make my paper more balanced towards my single parent controversy.
Dowd, Nancy E. In Defense of Single-Parent Families. New York University Press: New York: 1997.
The part of In Defense of Single-Parent Families I found most important was indeed the couple of chapters because it really cleared up a lot of myths that single parent families receive by society. Coming from a single parent family I have really picked up on a lot of stereotypes, but never really thought too much about them. It was in this book I was able to understand the different between myths in chapter 1 and then in Chapter 2 I saw the realities of single parent families.
Edin, Kathryn, and Laura Lein. Making Ends Meet: How Single Mothers Survive Welfare and Low-Wage Work. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1997.
Making Ends Meet really illustrated the struggle that single parent mother have to experience in the workforce. Single parent mothers are “unskilled and semiskilled mothers who try to support their children by working are hard-pressed to find a job that pays a living wage.” It really puts life for a single parent family in perspective because they are working long hours in order to provide for their children, except they are not being paid a wage that is going to allow themselves to afford everything that their family needs. Yet, single parent mothers are more equipped to understand what is perceived as being responsible for their children.
“Explaining the higher incidence of adjustment problems among children of divorce compared with those in two-parent families.” Ronald L. Simmons, KueiHsiu Lin, Leslie C. Gordon, Rand D. Conger and Fredrick O. Lonrenz. Journal of Marriage and the Family. 61.4 (Nov 1999): 1020(1).
The journal talks about the factors that adolescents face in divorced or intact families. Those factors include a loss of income, parental conflicts, adjustments made within discipline, and parent’s involvement with parents. The loss of income can provide frustration for children if the family has to move to a different neighborhood or school. The change in environment makes for a higher risk of the child actually internalizing and externalizing problems. The stress can be seen in the parents as well, which makes for a negative atmosphere within the household.
Fagan, Patrick F. and Robert Rector. “The Effects of Divorce on America.” World and 1. (Oct 2000): 15.10. Expanded Academic ASAP. Thomson Gale. Randolph-Macon College. 22 February 2006.
The article “The Effects of Divorce on America,” states that divorce is hurting the society of America, and is devastating the lives of our children. Research has shown that the effects of divorce will continue into adulthood, and then become apart of the next generation. They point fingers at society because they still embrace divorce through laws, and sending the message that it is okay. The article pinpoints specific examples that show how divorce affects children. The argument that the article really holds to is that if we do not do anything about divorce in America, we will continue into a downward spiral of social decay. Later on in the article, they suggest that Congress should step in and take care of the problem. They hope to attain a number that will allow divorce to be reduced by 1/3 percent. Congress wants to get the divorce rate back to the number it was in the 1970’s.
“family, sociology of” A Dictionary of Sociology. John Scott and Gordon Marshall. Oxford University Press 2005. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Randolph-Macon College. 27 February 2006. http://oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t88.e807
This dictionary of sociology really expressed the fact that a “family is an intimate domestic group made up of people related to one another by bonds of blood, sexual mating, or legal ties” It made it clear that the beliefs of the systems of family are changing as we are starting to understand the diversity of family life. I think that his definition will really help because it opens the audience’s eyes to perceiving family in a different way, which to some people is hard. I think this definition will be helpful in order to tune in the children that have not experienced divorce first hand.
Garfinkel, Irwin, and Sara S. McLanahan. Single Mothers and their Children: A New American Dilemma. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute Press, 1986.
Single Mothers and their Children, has been very beneficial with the understanding of single parent families headed by mothers. It goes into details, and presents the facts that single parent families struggle with, such as poverty, social instability, and the dynamics of a mother-only family. The book really gives a visual indication to the readers showing the percentage of families headed by mothers with tables and figures. The tables in fact give a breakdown of the average income of while and black families in 1982 according to the type of family.
Grall, Timothy S. “Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: 2001.” October 2003. U.S. Department of Commerce: Economics and Statistics Administration. 21 February 2006. http://www.census.gov/prod/2002pubs/p60-217.pdf#search='custodial%20mothers%20and%20fathers%20and%20their%20child%20support'
Custodial Mothers and Fathers and Their Child Support: 2001 is the United States Census for the year 2001. The census was done in order to survey and show which parent was actually the custodial parent of their children. In 2002, there were a total of 13.4 million custodial parents. After the figure was found, the U.S. Department of Commerce then took the 13.4 million parents and broke it down into the amount of children under the age of 21, living with their mother or father. The census showed that 5 out of every 6 custodial parents were mothers, and then 1 out of every 6 custodial parents were fathers. The overall findings stated that about 27.6 of children under the age of 21 lived in a single parent family.
McLanahan, Sara, and Gary Sandefur. Growing up with a Single Parent. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1994.
Growing up with a Single Parent gave me a more clearer picture as to how children are affected by divorce. For example, a lot of the facts that I have been seeing did not go into great detail but this book did. Going along with, the belief that children are most likely going to drop out of high school. I have seen this in a lot of journal entries, and also books. In Growing up with a Single Parent, the book gave figures that illustrated the amount of children who graduate from high school, 73 percent of children from a single parent receive a high school diploma, 12 percent get a GED, or General Equivalency Diploma. With a grand total, of 15 percent of children dropping out of high school.
Miller, Naomi. Single Parents by Choice. New York: Insight Books, 1992. 111-25.
Single Parents by Choice offered examples taken from real people. In the examples Miller set the stage, giving details as to how their own personal experience with divorce looked like. Then under that it illustrated their take on things, and how they felt while they were going through divorce. It made it clear that divorce happens to a lot of different kinds of people, and we all deal with it differently. This book will be useful when I want to use the people’s own experiences in order to get my point across to the audience. I think that using example really makes my points stronger.
Nelson, Patricia Tanner. “Single-Parent Families.” Journal of Extension. Winter 1986. Vol 24. Num. 4. 23 Feburary 2006. www.joe.org/joe/1986winder/rb2.html
The focus of the article, “Single-Parent Families” was based on the belief that single parent families hold a different position in terms of society. It suggested that single parent families have a high rate of poverty, low education, and are on the move. Single parent families have a little status in American society, and are a group that is pressed with economic and social needs. It talks about the drop of income that mothers receive after divorce. The article made some interesting points about the effects that divorce has on children. Children of single parent families are two times more likely to drop out of high school as children who are living with two parents. Another fact is that children who were raised in a single parent family are likely to have their marriage end up in separation or divorce. They are also at a higher risk for having children outside of wedlock.
Simmons, Ronald L. & Associates. Understanding Differences Between Divorced and Intact Families: Stress, Interaction and Child Outcome. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, 1997.
The title Understanding Differences Between Divorced and Intact Families: Stress, Interaction and Child Outcome really speaks for itself. This book has been a huge help in finding direction to my topic. It really gives a lot of the points I find important to single parent families, the effects of divorce on adult and child adjustment, the maternal stresses that are placed upon our parents. It discusses the ways mother parenting, father parenting are playing into the outcome of their children. Furthermore, it discusses the relationships that siblings have, which I find very important to the family.
“Single Parents.” Family Trends. Jan. 2004. 16 Apr. 2006. http://ssw.unc.edu/jif/famtrend/docs/Single.pdf#search='family%20trends%20single%20parents%20families%20are%20important'
“Single Parents” made the structure of families raising children come from a lot of varieties: single parents, gay or lesbian, a grandmother, or even a group of friends. They describe the different makeups that families consist of, and the characteristics that make each one up. Those of single parent families make connections with other members of the family that help create a healthy environment. Children from single-parent families have more responsibilities which allow for more personal growth. Lack of income makes life in a single parent family stressful. As the years go by, the number of single parent families continues to rise.
"The Effect of Family Structure and Family Functioning on Adolescents’ Perceptions of Intimate Time Spent with Parents, Siblings, and Peers." Journal of Youth and Adolescence 26 (1997): 25-43.
The study looks at family structure and the amount of time children spend among their family and peers. In order to see whether or not this has an affect on the interaction among family members, basing that more time spent between parents and children is better for their relationships as children and adults. When children have age differences then they are more likely to establish stronger relationships with their parents. Research has shown that family structure begins with birth order, and then moves to sibling makeup.
“The Impact of Divorce on Children.” David H. Demo and Alan C. Acock. Journal of Marriage and the Family. 50 (August 1988): 619(30).
With high divorce rates in U.S. over the past 20 years a lot of changes have been occurring. Children and the families affected by divorce faced consequences. Studies were done and found that most youth to age 18 will live in a single parent home. This article is useful because it assesses the impacts of divorce on children all within the last decade.